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Archive for May, 2011

[AN: All notes are taken verbatim from the book. I claim no rights to them.]

The World According to Martha Stewart by Bill Adler

Introduction

*Like Oprah andCher, needs only be called by her first name

*Hallmark characteristics

*Drive for perfection

*Pride in accomplishments

On Herself

*“What I try to do every single day is learn. I learned that from Barnard.”

On Fans

On Her Critics

On Customers

On Being a Perfectionist

On Entertaining

On Decorating

*“Edit. Decide what you really want in a room. Don’t get cluttered.”

On Holidays

On Fashion

*“Buttons are the fossils of the sartorial world, enduring long past the garments they were designed to hold together.”

On Food

*“The dining room is a defunct room in the house these days. People eat in the kitchen.”

On Style

On Weddings

*“The cake defines the style of the wedding almost as much as the bride’s dress.”

On Her Business Philosophy

*There’s very little patience for failure.”

On Branding

On the Internet

*“There is no such thing as an instant business.”

On Kmart

*“How else could I reach 77 million people.”

On Her Magazine

*“There is always room for another good thing.”

On Fame

On Home

*“Home is where we live. It’s where we do most of our thinking, eating, also practice most of our hobbies.”

On Marriage

On Pets

On Family

On Household Chores

*“I want to elevate the role of the homemaker to a higher level. Homemaking shouldn’t be a drudgery.”

*“Some people don’t know how to take care of their houses anymore. Mothers forgot to teach the new generation.”

On Some Pet Peeves

On the Stock Market

On the Inclone Debacle

*“I want to finish my salad!”

On Serving Time

*“Wished to be in a prison near her home so her mother could come and visit.”

*“I don’t really miss material things at all. It was kinds of nice having a rest from material things.”

*“I didn’t miss cappuccino. I missed the idea of cappuccino.”

On Her Deal with Sirius

On Television and Her TV Show

*“There is a hope on the part of Mark Burnett, my executive producer, that my sense of humor will come out a bit more.”

On Other People

What Other People say about Martha

*“Perfectionism is her greatest strength and greatest weakness.”

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Bibliotherapy: the Right Book of the Right Time

By: Claudia E. Cornett and Charles F. Cornett

I          Introduction

A       In short, Bibliotherapy = reading catharsis

B       The book is a way to show counselors how books can relieve every day pressures

C       It shows how books can be used as a form of therapy

II       What is Bibliotherapy?

A       Simple definition: the use of books to help people

B       It can be assumed in Bibliotherapy that more is going on than simply reading for pleasure

C       Bibliotherapy has preventative measures

D       Bibliotherapy is not a solution for deep-rooted psychological problems that require medical intervention

E        Casual book recommendations by friends are not considered Bibliotherapy

F        Bibliotherapy is the deliberate intervention with well-defined goals

III     The History of Bibliotherapy

A       First recorded use of Bibliotherapy was by Aristotle

B       Epigraph on the library atAlexandriaread: “Medicine for the Mind”

C       Dedication on the library atThebes: “Healing of the Soul”

D       By the end of the 18th century, books were being used to treat the mentally ill inFrance,England andItaly

E        Term Bibliotherapy was first coined by Samuel Crothers in 1916

IV    Bibliotherapy and Human Needs

A       Briefly discusses Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

B       Contains lists of Affective changes and Cognitive changes on page 15 and 16

V       The Bibliotherapeutic Process

A       In each case, a reader can bring to the situation some past experiences and emotional needs that the book is able to address

B       In 1949, Caroline Shrodes identified the progressive stages of Bibliotherapy: identification, catharsis, and insight

C       During Identification, the reader becomes empathetic with a character

D       The reader’s needs become paralleled with that of the character

E        The reader sees what he/she wants to see, either consciously or not

F        Identification lays groundwork for Catharsis

G       Catharsis definition: the release of pent-up emotions

H       Once the emotions have been released, the reader’s mind is clear for more rational thinking

I          Insight is the result of Catharsis

J         It is the integration of mind and emotion

K      Solutions are identified in Insight

L        In order for the Bibliotherapy to work, a reader must experience all 3 stages

M     More often than not, a reader will stop at the superficial identification with a character

N      Not everything someone reads will have a full 3-stage impact

VI    The Methodology of Bibliotherapy

A       Preparation Steps

1        Identify student needs

a         Gather the information beforehand

b        Strategies vary from very structured to informal

c         Identification can be done via observations, school records, conferences, and student writings (gives examples of some starters)

2        Match them with appropriate materials

a         While books and short stories are the core of Bibliotherapy, audio-and visualtapes, filmstrips, and slides can be used

b        Some criteria for choosing a book:

i           Appropriate reading level?

ii         Written at interest level for child’s maturity?

iii        Do major themes match child’s needs?

iv       Are characters believable enough for reader to emphasize?

v         Is there creative problem-solving?

vi       Is the background setting believable?

vii      Is the book’s format appropriate?

c         A card file should be made up for easy reference for appropriate book

3        Decide on next meeting time to discuss and use follow-up materials

a         Introductory activities shouldn’t take more than a few minutes

b        Remember>>>Bibliotherapy cannot be forced

c         If motivation has not been demonstrated by student, he/she may not be ready for Bibliotherapy

d        Amounts of reading time need to be flexible

e         A child should never be made to feel guilty for not finishing a book, that defeats the purpose of Bibliotherapy

f          Choose appropriate atmosphere

g         At times, it can be feasible to do group Bibliotherapy sessions

4        Prepare materials

B       Implementation Steps

1        Motivate with introductory materials

a         Expect the child to enjoy the book

b        If reading starts to feel like a chore, the book will be put down

2        Provide reading/viewing/listening experience

a         Other materials can be used other than books

b        ^^^^This is important for children who have reading difficulties

3        Allow for incubation time

a         It takes time for info to be integrated

b        If possible, follow-up activities should occur the day after reading is completed

c         A child should never feel rushed

4        Provide a follow-up

a         Discussion focuses on the Whys, not the What’s, with the child drawing the conclusions

b        Bibliotherapists should give Wait and Silent time during discussion, and not prompt unless needed

c         Wait time = therapist waits for an answer after asking question

d        Silent time = therapist takes a few seconds to ponder response given

i           This shows the child that their answer has merit and deserves consideration

5        Conduct an evaluation and steer student towards closure

a         After each book, needs should be reevaluated

b        Child’s input is important as well

VII  Attributes of the Bibliotherapist

A       Areas of Knowledge (Background)

1        Psychology

2        Counseling

3        Teaching theory and methodology

4        Children’s literature

5        Child development

6        Sociology

7        Physiology

8        Biology

B       Skills Needed

1        Assess student needs and interests

2        Prescribe appropriate materials

3        Evaluate materials

4        Planning individual and group sessions

5        Ask questions on all levels

6        Demonstrate behaviors of a good listener

7        Translate basic learning principles into practical and creative strategies

8        Effectively communicate with kids

9        Evaluate sessions to determine effectiveness of materials

10    Behave professionally>>>observing legal and ethical right to children’s privacy

11    Use all communication channels to bring about expression

12    Consult others when referral to a specialist is needed

C       Attitudes and Values

1        Believe in dignity and worth of each person

2        Have broad experience background

3        Be friendly, outgoing, approachable and available

4        Accepting of a person’s uniqueness, even if it is negative

5        Empathetic

6        Enthused about reading and be well read

7        Positive and optimistic

8        Open-minded and flexible

9        Have mature judgment

10    Handle stress and be emotionally stable

11    Objective, responsible, and organized

12    Intrinsically motivated

D       Unfortunately, few universities offer specific courses

E        And even fewer have comprehensive training programs

VIII           Limitations of Bibliotherapy

A       There is potential for harm with Bibliotherapy>>>>wrong book at the wrong time can aggravate the situation

B       Bibliotherapy success can be limited to:

1        Readiness of child to see self in mirror

2        Therapist’s skill in directing a child through all steps, particularly follow-up

3        Degree and nature of problem

4        Availability of appropriate materials

5        Manner in which book was presented

6        Rationalization tendency of some problems when reading about them

7        Realizations of process’s limits

8        Ability of student to transfer insight into real life

9        Tendency to use literature as an escape>>>causing increased withdrawal

10    Relationship between student and therapist

11    Training and course availability in Bibliotherapy

C       Not foolproof, but a good adjunct

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Book Notes

Hi!

I’m starting a new section of my blog called Book Notes. Whenever I read a book, I usually find fun quotes or facts or passages I really enjoy. This is my way of sharing them with you.

All notes are property of the author and are taken verbatim from the book. I do my best to cite the page number and speaker, if different from author.

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